As a starter in recording your music there are about 8 or 9 components that are essential to you set up. The possibilities that digital audio workstations (DAW) give you nowadays are infinite, this is where you can edit, produce and play around with your recorded tracks. Your priority should be in good computer or laptop and a DAW that you prefer.
What you will need next is something to take the signal your recording in to your laptop and then, into your DAW. There are electronics devices that can offer you this service and these are called audio interfaces, they are basically sound cards that let you record and play out your music in different ways, through inputs and outputs. This is where you will need cables and microphones to connect to the audio interface, there are bundles you can find online with relatively cheap good microphones and cables, as well as mic stands. What you will essentially need is one or two microphones, one or two cables and one mic stand. Mic stands are very useful for a more stable recording of instruments and practicality as well.
The basic microphone that everyone starts with in recording is usually the Shure SM58 or SM57 these are very versatile microphones and they last long, you can record your guitars and vocals all for under 100£.
Now you will need something to play out your sound so that you can hear what your doing. Equally important and a must have are a good pair of headphones and some studio monitors. Headphones are essential for different reasons such as, having different ways to listen to your music so that you can hear how it sounds on different mediums, to prevent your microphone from the feedback of your monitors and for a more detailed editing and mixing.
Studio monitors can be really expensive so to start off, a good stereo system or if you have monitors already that’s good enough. However, it is really important that before you start recording and mixing your music, you should set up your studio monitors and your room so that you can hear as clear and balanced as you can.
Something that seems like it shouldn’t be mentioned but is equally important to the rest of items on this list is a pop filter, easy to make at home with a sock and a coat hanger if you’ve already reached your budget. This is to prevent your recordings, especially for your vocals, from having popping effect or proximity effect.
If you manage to gather all the equipment stated above, and set up a good position in your home, you will certainly be able to record, mix and produce your tracks.