Essentially, music and lyrics constitute a song which can be performed directly to an audience whether via live performance or through other physical means such as CD, Vinyl, Tape, Video and even non-physical such as On-Line radio and streaming etc. The point being that in order to make the song available for a wide range of people it first needs to be recorded, and this alone will lead to the involvement (and potential copyright claim) of a number of parties.
Works in music do not always incorporate lyrics but works with lyrics are predominant and of course music and lyrics constitute a song. It is also common for more than one person to write the lyrics of a same song. They can be:
Members of a same group who write the lyrics of the songs they perform.
Non-performers who write lyrics for or with the performers.
Lyricists who write specifically f the purpose / hope of securing an artist to perform their lyrics.
The Musical Composer:
Basically the composer is the person creating the melody, rhythm and harmony . The composer of course can also contribute to other aspects of a song, there are no fixed boundaries of ‘who does what’..
The Producer / Arranger.
It is becoming more commonplace these days for artists to use reputable production software readily available for purchase and download, however the main route to creating a decent demo requires the use of a studio and some performers make their own arrangements for this purpose and they are consequently the producers of their recording. However most performers will need an experienced producer who knows technology to get the best from their art.
Recording agreements between performers and producers can be made in different ways:
A production company can also, apart from undertaking the production, try to source a deal with a record company in their own best interests if guaranteed to produce the next two or three albums. The agreement can be arranged via the performers manager if he has a studio and a producer with whom he works closely.
Record companies employ producers but will not usually sign deals with a performer who has not already got a demo. However if the performer is already bound to the record company and already has albums out the record company can undertake the production of the songs with a studio, which allows performers to make their demo without directly paying the producer for the studio time.
The manager is most likely to be in charge of the promotion of the work as well as sourcing a record deal, especially at the early stages of the artists career. He/she will have to use his or her best endeavors to promote and publicize the artist in all forms of the media including television, radio, press and reviews, musical engagements, appearances, merchandising, and commercial recording.
The publishers function is to promote the work of the lyricist and music composer, so they are apparently not supposed to deal with sound recordings. However, if the songwriter is also the performer the publisher can use their experience and contacts to help gain recognition with other parties such as record companies.
The Record Labels:
primary role is to exploit the sound recording by arranging the distribution for the record and consecutively by their agreement with the performers the record companies commit to:
Sell the recordings to the public
Arrange public performances of the sound recording with radio and TV producers and other media
Arrange the on-line distribution
Record companies can agree with performers to release the recordings in the whole world, they can also agree to produce a certain number of recordings territorially in countries or continents. They may provide an agreed amount of money for a promotional tour and they may pay the costs for the making of promotional videos.
By ‘media’ we mean the internet, radio and other broadcast media such as cable TV etc. These are the ones upon which the success of a record depends the most. Because they target a great number
of people once they decide to put a song and the advertisements on air or on TV their influence can mean the success or not of a song.